Amongst others, and in addition to the school of Leopold Auer, Tibor Varga (well-known soloist of his time and professor for violin at the University of Music in Detmold, Germany) is a famous pedagogue for playing without support. He developed a well known violin method from 1970 in which he discusses the use of shoulder rests or pads in the introduction.
Below, you find a further excerpt from what he wrote and discussed on the topic:
I must say that I am very much against the use of shoulder devices. For me, the violin is a replacement of the throat. The violin should sing through the F-holes. By not using a shoulder pad I can feel the vibrations much better ... . I am not sure a long neck is a sufficient reason for using a shoulder pad because the real problems in violin playing emanate from about 15 centimetres in front of the point where the chin and shoulder grasp the instrument ... . I recommend an unusually high chinrest to fill the gap ... . I find that people using shoulder pads play with a different attitude – the instrument, which should be an extension of their body, is less a part of them ... . For those (students) who are addicts I recommend a cushion that lies on the shoulder or under the clothing of the shoulder, so they can feel less alien to the violin.
(Quotation from: Applebaum and Roth, The Way They Play: Illustrated Discussions with Famous Artists and Teachers, vol. 10, 201, found in an inspiring Master thesis written by Katherine Lukey, University of Sydney, 2011DEMON OR PHILOSOPHER: THE ARTIST AND TEACHER TIBOR VARGA